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DETERMINATION AND ANALYSIS OF HEAD CHEST PARAMETERS BY SIMULATION OF VEHICLE - TEENAGER IMPACT
Prof. Gabriele Virzì Mariotti and eng. Salvatore Golfo (University of Palermo, Italy) have recently published in the Journal of Automotive Engineers an on-line presentation of several simulations of pedestrian crash tests, executed by SimWise 4D software (alias visualNastran 4D). The full work is available through the Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering 0954407013501487, first published on October 11, 2013 as doi:10.1177/0954407013501487
A previous technique utilized for adult pedestrian impact is applied. The work starts with the determination of the masses for the various segments of the body of a teenager with a total mass of 45 kg and then switches to the construction of the dummy and the middle-class vehicle in the Visual Nastran environment.
Simulations are performed for both frontal impacts and lateral impacts, when the vehicle is travelling at a constant speed and when the vehicle is braking, following the Euro NCAP rules on the subject.
The results are analysed by calculating the values of the head injury criterion for the head and the values of the thoracic trauma index and 3 ms criterion for the chest; the injuries are assessed according to the current interpretation.
Abbreviated injury scale curves are used to determine the dangerousness of the impact.
Finally, the results are close to those obtained by applying the same technique to an adult pedestrian and other available data in the literature for an adult or a child.
A collections of relevant movies (scrolling down this page).
Click on the images here below to download the movies of the simulations.
Movie 1 - Frontal impact at 20 km/h while braking
Movie 2 - Frontal impact at 20 km/h with constant speed
Movie 3 - Frontal impact at 50 km/h with constant speed
Movie 2 - Lateral impact at 20 km/h with constant speed
OTHER 81 DIFFERENT APPLICATIONS !
ALTRI 81 CASI IN SETTORI DIVERSI !
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